Bergamot is a small citrus tree native to South East Asia. Its name comes from the small town of Bergamo in Italy where the essential oil was first sold. Bergamot is a close relative of the Bitter Orange tree and produces a small fruit that turns from green to yellow in colour when ripe. Unlike other citruses, the fruit is inedible as it is so sour! The essential oil is produced from the peel of the nearly ripe fruit and has a fresh sweet-fruity aroma with slightly spicy-balsamic undertones that is popular with both men and women.
Bergamot essential oil is renowned for its refreshing and uplifting qualities. Known as “Natures Prozac” it is one of the most popular aromatherapy oils for easing anxiety, stress, depression, nervous tension, over-emotional feelings, and physical and mental agitation. It is also helpful when stress or pressure affects the stomach and digestion. It’s a powerful anti-viral, antiseptic and antibacterial agent with a particular affinity for the respiratory tract and the genito-urinary system. It can also be beneficial for a variety of skin complaints. Bergamot is used extensively as a fragrance and is a key ingredient in the classic Eau de Cologne. It is also used for flavouring Earl Grey Tea.
Botanical name: Citrus bergamia
Plant family: Rutaceae
Note: Top to middle
Extraction method: Cold expression, vacuum distillation, and in some cases steam distilled
Safety Note: Avoid massage if the skin is very sensitive. Bergamot oil can cause burns when used on sensitive skin which is then exposed to sunlight, as the high content of bergaptene* can cause photo-toxicity. It is advisable to keep out of the sun after use on the skin.
Skin: Bergamot essential oil has antiseptic properties that are beneficial for wounds and skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis. It can also be helpful for oily skin and cold sores.
Mind: Bergamot oil is very good for lifting the spirits and treating stress, depression, nervous anxiety and work-related tension. It is also often recommended when treating the symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder.
Body: Bergamot essential oil is one of the best antiseptic aromatherapy oils for treating cystitis, urinary tract infections, and bacterial stomach upsets. It can also be beneficial for respiratory problems such as colds, flu, and sore throats, and can help to settle the digestive system and regulate the appetite.
Blends well with: Sandalwood, Rose, German Chamomile, and Orange
Allergen Listings: Citral, Limonene, Linalool